With their descriptive nature, guidelines fail to capture such contrasting needs and desires.


Codestrate Packages: An Alternative to “One-Size-Fits-All” Software

This project looks at how collaborative writing takes place in academia. Recent research has indicated that while many tools for collaborative writing exist and continue to be developed, co-writers frequently employ workarounds and cumbersome substitutions to accommodate their writing approaches and collaborative needs. As part of a process to address these issues, we conducted a co-design study on collaborative academic writing with eighteen participants. During a three-stage workshop series, participants discussed needs, frustrations, and desires in their experiences with collaborative writing. These discussions revealed how participants’ different ways of practicing and experiencing collaborative writing entail contrasting needs that are difficult to balance. Based on an analysis of discussions and artifacts from the workshops, we argue that researchers and designers should aim to support diverse practices and propose a protocol for examining and drawing on the contradictions that arise from co-writers’ idiosyncratic preferences.

Time Frame

PhD Research Project

Ida Larsen-Ledet

Collaborative Writing, Academic Writing, Co-design, Guidelines, Individual Preferences, Trade-offs


Marcel Borowski and Ida Larsen-Ledet 2021. Lessons Learned from Using Reprogrammable Prototypes with End-User Developers. In International Symposium on End User Developments (IS-EUD '21). DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-79840-6_9

Ida Larsen-Ledet and Marcel Borowski. 2020. “It Looks Like You Don’t Agree”: Idiosyncratic Practices and Preferences in Collaborative Writing. In 32nd Australian Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (OzCHI '20). DOI: 10.1145/3441000.3441032


Overview of the malleable word processor prototype:

Conference presentation of the OzCHI 2020 paper by Ida Larsen-Ledet: